Improving 'cooperation' between autonomous vehicles via V2X communication

25-10-2023 | CEA-Leti | Test & Measurement

CEA-Leti has announced a new R&D initiative to contribute to a higher level of vehicle automation and cooperation by extending the latest developments in vehicular wireless communications that enhance reaction time, pedestrian detection and overall vehicle performance.

Integrating learnings from participating in three EU H2020 projects, the organisation's scientists have consolidated the institute's expertise in V2X communication technologies and standards. Their focus comprises evaluating and demonstrating connected and cooperative vehicular systems to improve automation and help ensure the safety of vulnerable road users, such as pedestrians, workers and cyclists.

"The ultimate goal of our ongoing work is to help our partners in the automotive and related industries understand and adopt the benefits of V2X cooperative communications for improved safety, efficiency and automation performance," said Benoît Denis, research scientist on radio localisation and project manager at CEA-Leti.

The studies included incorporating a dedicated simulation flow for system-level evaluation of different short- and long-range radio technologies, such as IEEE802.11.p/bd, C-V2X sidelink or 5G-NR. They also investigated architecture and infrastructure options, including roadside units, 5G base stations and MEC servers.

"Most importantly, a simulation tool the team developed was used to measure the actual impact of observed communication network performance in terms of latency, link reliability, coverage and load on the critical vehicular applications," explained Valérian Mannoni, research scientist on communication protocol and project manager at CEA-Leti. "These include service availability and continuity, level of automation allowed, time to collision and other primary key parameters."

Denis said that while V2X communication technologies and protocols were initially developed to enhance road safety through cooperation, the growing use of autonomous fleets of collaborative robots and drones raises similar research questions and challenges in various complex mobile operating contexts.

"The cooperative communication approaches developed for vehicles could, therefore, also be used for collision avoidance and cooperative manoeuvres by autonomous robots in smart factories," he said.

Mannoni said that as a result, CEA-Leti is also exploring possible extensions of these studies in application fields for which standardisation is still in its infancy, notably in connection with 6G, which could include cooperative robotics and digital twinning in factories of the future.

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By Seb Springall